Vulnerability Assesment & Penetration Testing
The Vulnerability Assessment is a security analysis that aims to identify all potential vulnerabilities of systems and applications by evaluating the potential damage that any “attacker” can inflict on the production unit. These activities are designed to find any programming errors or incorrect configurations, made during an installation or the upgrade of information systems, inside or outside an organization. One of the key aspects of this type of analysis is the timely isolation of the vulnerabilities highlighted that could cause a time block or serious data loss. A good Vulnerability Assessment tool allows the user to have an updated situation of the security level of IT assets. Obviously, this is the starting point for optimizing all security management efforts
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What is the Penetration Test?
The Penetration Test – also called PenTest – is the simulation of a cyber attack that aims to test the vulnerability of the network or operating system being used. It is implemented by playing the role of a real hacker and concretely trying to enter your computer system by following each step in depth. In this way it will be possible to test in the real digital environment, all the defense tools applied and evaluate once and for all if the measures adopted are effective, suitable for the context in question and of sufficient number. The PenTest concerns the network but not only: it is in fact a useful tool also for operating systems, mobile devices, servers, web applications, websites and much more. It can be run on any system exposed on the Internet or any platform linked to a network.
The PenTest is the necessary verification to demonstrate that your information system meets the security requirements of its stakeholders.
How is a Penetration Test performed
For a complete and effective analysis, it is necessary to proceed schematically, following a series of well-defined manual and automatic procedures. Let’s see them in detail:
The consultant who will perform the test is chosen, the procedure to be adopted is decided, the timing is defined and precise objectives are outlined. In this way you can trace the way to go to get to your destination smoothly. Furthermore, the characteristics of the network or operating system being tested are analyzed and all the necessary information, both technical and behavioral, is collected (social engineering and online research).
All the problems and errors detected are listed, weak points are established and it is understood what is most useful to focus the attack on.
The information collected is used to concretely proceed with the attack and penetrate the system, always maintaining the guidelines established in the preliminary phase.
whoever performed the analysis deletes all traces of their passage, restoring the order and restoring the initial situation.
The result obtained is examined and a complete report is drawn up which includes all the information regarding the attack methods, vulnerabilities, dangers and effects of the actions performed. Advice and suggestions are given on how to limit the risk impact and mitigate the problems encountered and, if deemed necessary, a second test is proposed to confirm the data.
It is important to remember that each test has a limited validity in time: the results obtained, in fact, are not the same as those obtained after the release of an update or other system changes, so you must always pay attention to any new possible vulnerability
The main advantage of performing a Penetration Test is certainly the possibility of verifying the validity of the defense systems in real time and thus run for cover to remedy any flaws. However, the benefits are many and proper testing, if done correctly, can really help a company understand which direction to take to work safely at 360 degrees.